“The U.S. fishing industry, which supports nearly one million American jobs, is threatened when illegal foreign operators undercut the U.S. market with cheaper, illegally caught imports,” said Karen Sack, director for International Oceans at the Pew Charitable Trusts. “The task force recommends measures to catch these operators when their vessels tie up at U.S. ports.” The Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA), a key component in curtailing illegal fishing, designates which ports foreign-flagged vessels may seek to enter. It also restricts port-of-entry access by vessels found to be involved in IUU fishing and placed on an IUU list by RFMOs. Pending authorization by Congress and the president’s signature as of early February, this agreement provides the legal avenues for the United States to do its part in restricting IUU vessels from unloading illegal fish into the market. An initiative by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the PSMA more importantly creates an international agreement to battle IUU fishing.