How these management decisions impact billfish will be extremely important to all of us in the sport-fishing community. The effectiveness of the IBQ system comes into play when longline boats get pulled off the water as they run out of quota and can no longer set hooks that could potentially catch billfish. Marlin and sailfish are barely mentioned in the documents creating Amendment 7, but there has been an alarming increase in the number of billfish discards over the last five years. Keep in mind, this is the same time frame in which bluefin tuna interactions have plummeted. In 2013 alone, the last year in which data is available, 844 blue marlin, 1,239 white marlin, 456 sailfish, and 342 spearfish were discarded by the U.S. longline fleet. Some would say that this is a sign that billfish populations are thriving due to increased catches and the bluefin stocks are in danger because less are being caught. But looking at stock assessments and recent scientific findings, the writing on the wall says otherwise, and there are other factors at play.