The town’s name originates from the Quepoa Indians, the original settlers of the region at the time of the Spanish conquest of Central America. Warfare, disease and slavery eventually brought down the Quepoa until only the name remained. The town first gained prominence from its export of bananas. In the 1960s, a small group of gringos — mostly hippies, surfers and a few adventurous sport-fishing captains — started to visit the region, building homes, starting businesses and putting down roots. By the late 1980s, travel was made easier when Costa Rica’s national airline, Sansa, began flying regular routes to Quepos from the capital city, San Jose, in its venerable DC-3s.