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Putting Out a Boat Fire

Knowing what to do in the case of a boat fire can prepare you for the best chance of survival should one break out.
Boating Safety

I've always been amazed that, in most cases, boat fires quickly become catastrophic. Amazed because … look at all the water boats float upon! Perhaps these fires quickly turn into unstoppable blazes because the materials involved (for example, in the case of fuel or electrical fires) cannot be extinguished with water? While we certainly subscribe to an ounce of prevention being worth a pound of cure, if your boat catches fire, you and your crew had better be prepared with a ton of cure and know how to use it!

PREVENTION
Obviously, take great care when fueling your boat — whether you have outboards or inboards. Certainly gas inboards have a greater chance of leaking gasoline into the bilge since all the fuel lines run inside your hull. But outboard vessels also have fuel tanks that might leak and fuel lines running from the tank out the transom and into the engines. Anytime you carry combustibles aboard a boat, you risk fire.

Before you leave the dock, stick your nose down into the bilges and take a big sniff. If you drive a gas inboard boat, close all hatches while fueling; then, open them all and run your blower for a few minutes prior to turning the key.

Occasionally check the fuel-line fittings as well as all your electrical connections for fraying, chafing or corrosion. Replace as needed.

If your boat has portable fuel tanks, leave the vent open while under way. Then, close it when you stop.

Be sure heating and cooking appliances access power properly and have the proper-sized breakers or fuses in the line.

Make sure all your Coast Guard-approved fire extinguishers are up to date, full and easily accessible. Buy a few extra inexpensive extinguishers and learn how to use them properly. Practice now may save your life later.

Never store oily or fuel-laden paper towels or rags aboard.

PREPARATION
When was the last time you instructed your crew or guests on emergency procedures before leaving the dock? That long, eh? It’s actually something you should make a habit of each time you venture forth. Practice fire drills, man-overboard and emergency communications drills for everyone. Let them know where the fire extinguishers, flares, life vests and life raft are located. Explain how each is used. If Murphy enters your life, stacking the odds against him can’t hurt. Plus, perhaps it’s like bringing your foul-weather gear to prevent rain.

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